Department of Earth Sciences

Ongoing Research at Wind Energy Campus Gotland

Wakes

The objective of Campus Gotland’s Wind Power section’s wake research is to evaluate existing aerodynamic simulation methods in order to run simulations that provide solutions satisfactory for evaluating the flow field behind one or a number of turbines, i.e., the wake and the wake interaction. From these simulations the basic physical behaviour is studied.

Contact: Stefan Ivanell

Social science perspective

Campus Gotland’s Wind Power division also studies the development of wind power from a social science perspective. Questions regarding planning and acceptance are the primary focus of study and are complemented by additional research into landscape analysis, local use, anchoring processes and democracy. Currently Campus Gotland’s wind power division is focusing on the planned anchoring processes for offshore wind power.

Contact: Sanna Mels

MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION ANALYSIS IN ENERGY PLANNING

Campus Gotland Wind Energy section also conducts research in the field of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA). MCDA deals with the process of making decisions in the presence of multiple objectives. A decision-maker is to choose among a countable or uncountable set of alternatives using two or more criteria. Usually there is no alternative that performs better than all of the others according to all criteria. For example, when developing a renewable energy source, one of the important issues is the degree of exploitation of the source. Is the maximum possible number of wind turbines going to be installed? Should a decision be made to proceed with caution, installing a limited number each time and examining the consequences? A number of conflicting factors, technological, economic, environmental, social, risk, etc., must be taken into account. The same applies for solar, biomass, and geothermal energy potential, especially in places where there is limited exposure to similar projects, and may lead to local opposition that jeopardize future developments.

Contact: Heracles Polatidis