Surface wave impact on air-sea interaction: from micro- to global-scale

Air-sea interaction represents the energy transfer between the ocean and the atmosphere. Thus, it plays a key role when simulating climate change and hazardous weather. Surface waves, which exist at the air-sea interface, can affect air-sea interaction processes. However, the mechanisms of surface-wave impact on air-sea interaction are poorly understood and badly represented in atmospheric and oceanic models. In this project, we will investigate the mechanisms of surface wave impacts on air-sea interaction using measurements, laboratory experiments, and Large-Eddy Simulation (LES). Methodologies for introducing surface-wave influences into atmospheric and oceanic models will thus be developed. Wave-impacts on air-sea interaction will also be introduced into atmosphere-wave-ocean fully coupled models in order to reduce the uncertainties in climate scenarios and the forecast results of hazardous weather.